By Lily Bui - Executive Editor April 2nd, 2014 at 4:50 pm | Comment
Greetings from CitSci.org! Please join us for our next “Feature Friday” webinar. These webinars invite you to offer your ideas and thoughts about improvements to CitSci.org. The first Friday of each month these webinars will focus on a specific topic / feature of CitSci.org. We will demonstrate how to use the website feature and take feedback.
WHAT: CitSci.org April “Feature Friday” webinar
WHEN: April 4th, 2014 (12:00 noon PST; 1:00 PM MST; 2:00 PM CST; 3:00 PM EST)
DURATION: 1 hour
Time: 1:00-2:00p (MST)
HOW TO JOIN
Use either your microphone and speakers (VoIP) or, call in using your telephone:
Dial +1 (786) 358-5420
Access Code: 557-036-925
Audio PIN: Shown after joining the meeting
Meeting ID: 557-036-925
Not at your computer? Click this link to join this meeting from your iPhone®, iPad®, Android® or Windows Phone® device via the GoToMeeting app.
By Karen McDonald April 2nd, 2014 at 4:48 pm | Comment
Using School of Ants Citizen Science to Meet Common Core and Next Generation Teaching Standards in the Classroom
School of Ants (SOA) is one of many urban wildlife citizen science projects hosted through the Your Wildlife project. Your Wildlife and School of Ants focuses on biodiversity and citizen-scientist driven inquiry in urban areas around schools and homes. Dr. Andrea Lucky is the director of the SOA project out of the University of Florida’s Entomology Lab and the Nematology Lab at NC State. The idea behind the project is for citizen scientists to collect samples of ants from paved and green spaces around their homes and schools. They then send in the samples to the lab in Florida for identification. This data is used to generate a North American map of ant biodiversity and distribution.
SOA used to provide kits for ant collection but now they ask project participants to provide the supplies. As you can see from the list below these are limited to zip-lock bags, cookies, and index cards with some postal shipping. You can find step by step project instructions for the kits and collection in their free online PDF. Due to limited resources schools may participate by submitting one sample from each address or school location (no more than one). However you may submit multiple samples from different addresses (from the same person or class). Sampling takes exactly one hour. NOTE: as a caution be sure to have a minimal understanding of the biting and stinging ant varieties around your school. Do not collect ants that might cause harm to students.
Materials You’ll Need:
- Computer with internet and printer
- Instruction page for collecting ants
- 8 white 3”x5” index cards
- 2 Pecan Sandies Cookies (contains nuts, but must be used for standard protocol)
- 8 small zip-lock bags (1 qt.)
- 1 large zip-lock bag (1 gal.)
- 1 envelope for mailing ants by US post, and postage
- Magnifying glasses (optional)
- Dr. Elanor’s Book of Common Ants PDF (free online through iTunes, optional)
Why This Citizen Science Project is a Strong Candidate for the Classroom:
- Ants are ubiquitous and the project can be done anywhere in the US around schools or homes.
- Ants can be observed three seasons of the year in most locations.
- There are minimal supplies required to participate in this project.
- This project is a one-time activity, lasting one hour, so the time required is minimal.
- The project can be a springboard for lessons focusing on arthropods and invertebrates around the school.
Science enthusiasts can join forces with top researchers through a partnership between DISCOVER Magazine and SciStarter
By Lily Bui - Executive Editor April 1st, 2014 at 10:00 am | Comment
PRESS RELEASE (PDF)
April 1, 2014
For more information:
PHILADELPHIA, PA. (April 1, 2014) – A “citizen science” movement is sweeping the country, with more than 700 active research projects to prove it. The fields that citizen science advances are diverse: ecology, astronomy, medicine, psychology, linguistics, genetics, engineering, and many more.
DISCOVER is teaming up with SciStarter to present the Citizen Science Salon, a print, online and social media partnership. The new Citizen Science Salon blog will feature selections from SciStarter’s Project Finder that are related to DISCOVER’s print and online content. Each print issue of DISCOVER will highlight SciStarter opportunities for readers to take action on topics they care about, directly related to articles they are reading.
Additionally, each week, SciStarter will help Discover curate citizen science projects, ranging from analyzing distant galaxies to monitoring frog, firefly and whale populations, to detecting home and body microbiomes, even to helping deliberate on science policy. Now science enthusiasts who want to collaborate with leading scientists can visit DiscoverMagazine.com to join cutting-edge research projects.
“This partnership moves DISCOVER into the fast-growing realm of citizen science,” says Steve George, Editor in Chief of DISCOVER Magazine. “Our readers tell us they’re eager to help study and explore the world, but it can be difficult for them to know where to begin. Now we’ll be connecting our readers to opportunities to participate in scientific research within our print articles.”
“DISCOVER has enormous credibility in the scientific community. Its print and online readers are enthusiastic and intelligent, and their participation in research projects will be invaluable to researchers,” adds Darlene Cavalier, founder of SciStarter.
Researchers and team leaders who want their project featured can submit it to the SciStarter Project Finder for consideration by the SciStarter editors.
SciStarter is a citizen science hotspot where millions of people find hundreds of searchable projects aligned with topics and activities of interest to them. Researchers add their projects to the Project Finder and SciStarter helps recruit participants from all walks of life.
DISCOVER makes science entertaining and understandable through beautiful writing, stunning images, and clear explanations. The monthly magazine covers all of science, from astronomy to human origins to the environment. DiscoverMagazine.com is one of the top science destinations on the Internet, with more than two million monthly visitors. It features daily science news coverage, image and video galleries, and a lineup of popular science blogs.
By Karen McDonald March 24th, 2014 at 11:26 am | Comment
Why Classrooms Should Integrate Citizen Science
After writing quite a few entries in the series “Citizen Science in the Classroom” I thought it would be helpful to explain a bit more about the benefits of citizen science science in the classroom, and to provide a useful resource to teachers and administrators that may help in justification and support of projects. These may help in writing grants, applying to administration for support, or in convincing you, as a teacher, why participation in citizen science is so important.
Sense of Community and Place
Citizen science is a way to contribute to a community. One of the best ways to introduce citizen science to students is to incorporate a geography lesson. This may be using something like Google Earth, and showing students where they are, where the citizen science project managers are located, and zooming in to the ecosystem and communities participating. By giving students a sense of place and belonging in a community (global or local) they gain the desire to participate and to become a citizen of that community. This is what “citizen science” is all about. Stewardship is the natural upshot of participation in research projects. Students suddenly care about what they are observing, and the community for which they are observing, thus they develop the desire to care for the community.
Learn More: On the Scistarter home page you can search for specific places in your community where you can participate in citizen science. This may be in a classroom, at a computer, at night, at home, in a car, on a walk, in a park. You can choose where in your community your class can best participate.
Recognition of Self Importance
Citizen science allows students to feel a sense of self-importance; they are recognized as valuable contributors to a larger goal or scientific effort. With the advent of computers and technology scientists are no longer in a vacuum. They need the community as a whole to help them collect and analyze massive amounts of data. Even the smallest members of this community, school age students, can contribute. As a teacher you can help students develop this sense of self-importance by monitoring the real-time data on the websites where you upload your information and showing students how their data contributes to understanding trends and information. This type of inquiry based learning allows students to ask questions, collect data, and to answer their questions. Students are given recognition as a part of the science community, which is often lacking in other fields.
Learn More: Many projects, like Project Noah or NASA’s “Be a Martian“, have recognition for achieving specific levels of participation. This might be a virtual merit badge or patch or some other online reward.
Understanding that Research isn’t Just for Scientists
Citizen science in the classroom allows students to understand that they can engage in science without having advanced degrees, without special tools, and outside of a laboratory and white lab coat. By integrating citizen science into your lessons you can help students develop the confidence to try making observations, collecting data, and exploring the natural world. The skills of natural observation are being lost to hard sciences, specialization, and teaching to the test. Students are not encouraged to engage in research on a local level, at home, or in their communities. Citizen science reverses this. Science becomes attainable, and something that anyone can participate in, regardless of being in an urban or rural environment.
Learn More: On the Scistarter Project Finder page you can search for projects that meet your needs, such as urban or rural, low cost or free, indoors or outdoors, and more.
Reaching Different Types of Learners
There are many different learning styles in the classroom. Some students learn best by reading, some by listening, some by drawing, and some by talking with others. The benefit of citizen science is that many different learning styles can be incorporated into each project. Citizen science lends itself to kinesthetic learning (hands-on) by collecting data and measurements, reading and analysis of data or background research, co-operative group sharing, and opportunities for verbal instruction, graphs and drawing, sharing, and analysis. Because of the hands-on nature of citizen science it may also be a candidate for students with autism or special needs or those that learn best through kinesthetic activities.
Learn More: To learn more about student learning styles check out this great National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) article on learning styles and multiple intelligences in students by Barbra M. Manner.
Development of Critical Thinking Skills
Critical thinking is one of the skills that is never directly stated in teaching standards but it is implied. It is the ability to make observations from experiences, to reflect on those experiences, apply reason and conceptualization and then to synthesize the information into a meaningful belief or action. Citizen science provides the platform for student experience in research, participation in a science community, and opportunities to apply reason and conceptualization to methods of data collection, data analysis, and synthesis of meaning as applied to data sets from the “whole” project. These critical thinking skills are valuable as a tool that can spill over into other fields and disciplines.
Learn More: If you would like to learn more about developing critical thinking in children then check out his PDF article from the Surry College Director of Early Childhood Education on “The Importance of Applying Critical Thinking to Children’s Learning.”
Use of Multiple Skill Sets
As mentioned earlier critical thinking is just one skill that students may learn to use and apply during citizen science projects. Depending on the project they may be asked to use a wide variety of other skills from physical observations in the natural world, mathematical modeling, and application of reasoning and judgment to observations. Students may be asked to research the topic, use computer skills for entering data, learn new measurement tools or apps, model, and to work in a group setting by sharing their data and findings. Citizen science asks students to engage on social, environmental, mathematical, and analytical levels. These skills are a part of the testing in the Common Core Partnership for Assessment for Readiness for College Careers (PARCC). Real-life citizen science projects mimic the kinds of skills students will need, for the test, and once they graduate.
Learn More: Never heard of the PARCC testing? Visit their website to learn more. There are tests for 3rd through 12th grade.
Application of the Scientific Method
Although the “application of the scientific method” could technically fall under the “skill sets” mentioned above, it’s important enough to warrant its own short discussion. By participating in citizen science projects teachers can help students critically analyze the way that scientists collect data, develop their study projects, enter data, and make sense of what they find. This helps them understand how the scientific method is applied in the real world. Teachers may also encourage “spin-offs” of the citizen science projects by having students develop their own studies using the scientific method, and modeling their projects after the projects of other researchers. In citizen science students learn critical thinking skills and the steps of the scientific method which can be applied to almost any field.
Meeting Next Generation and Common Core Teaching Standards
For teachers, the ability to meet the standards that they have to satisfy for state and regional teaching requirements is critical. Fortunately most, if not all, citizen science meets many of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and Common Core (CC) teaching standards as well as Partnership for Assessment for Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) tests. I’ve worked to help connect specific citizen science projects in SciStarter with these standards. You can find examples, with grade by grade break-downs, on the SciStarter “Citizen Science in the Classroom” page.
I know there are many ways that teachers and students benefit from citizen science and these standards are just the tip of the iceberg. I didn’t even go into how scientists and researchers benefit, and they do! How do you, and your classes, benefit from citizen science in the classroom?
By Karen McDonald March 24th, 2014 at 11:01 am | Comment
Using Cornell Ornithology Lab’s Project NestWatch to Meet Common Core and Next Generation Teaching Standards
Project NestWatch is hosted through Cornell University’s Ornithology lab located in Sapsucker Woods, Ithaca, New York. When you look for it on the SciStarter website or online remember that the project’s name is one word not two. It is a national project, open to those in urban and rural environments, that asks participants to monitor nesting birds. For the most part this is a spring or summer activity, though for eagles and other early nesters observation may start as early as February. Cornell researchers are interested in the reproductive biology of birds, nesting start times, numbers of eggs laid, hatching, mortality rates, and fledging. This data helps researchers collect information that might clarify the effects of climate change, urbanization, habitat loss, invasive species, and changing population dynamics. You, or your class, will be asked to learn and observe the proper protocols for nest watching, register a user name and password online, pass a short nest watching quiz, and enter data every 3-4 days during the nesting season.
Materials You’ll Need:
- Computer with internet access and printer.
- Access to locations with possible bird nests, cavities, nest boxes, or trees.
- Binoculars, at least one pair.
- Field guide(s) [see "Teaching Resources" below]
- Optional: Nest boxes or nest box with camera (Information provided below if you’re interested in purchasing or making these)
Why This Citizen Science Project is a Strong Candidate for the Classroom:
- Project NestWatch is a national project and it can be conducted in urban or rural environments across North America.
- This project is ideal for elementary through middle school students and requires very little investment of time.
- The website provides extensive training resources, data sheets, and access to data from previous years.
- Students gain a sense of “ownership” over their natural community as they make observations and follow the life cycle of the birds.
- This project can be conducted over a period of years, following the same bird or birds in the observation area.